Tennis Elbow (Lateral Epicondylitis)

Holding Ball & Racket

Tennis elbow, or lateral epicondylitis, is an overuse injury causing pain and inflammation of the tendons that join the forearm muscles on the outside(lateral side) of the elbow. on the elbow.


Unsurprisingly, this can be caused by increasing your frequency or intensity of playing tennis or other racquet sports. However, several other sports and activities can also put you at risk.

Depending on the severity of your tennis elbow injury, treatment may include rest, taping and rehabilitation exercises to help you regain strength and the tendon to heal. In rare cases, surgery may be required.

What are the symptoms of tennis elbow?

In most cases, the symptoms of tennis elbow begins gradually as a mild pain and slowly worsens over weeks and months. There is usually no specific injury associated with the start of symptoms, but if often due to an increase in activities or sporting frequency/intensity. Common signs and symptoms of tennis elbow include:

  • Pain or burning on the outer part of your elbow
  • Weak grip strength
The symptoms are often worsened with forearm activity, such as holding a racquet, turning a door knob, or holding a kettle. Your dominant arm is most often affected; however both arms can be affected.

Which is the muscle tendon affected by tennis elbow?

Tennis elbow, or lateral epicondylitis, involves the muscles and tendons of your forearm. Your forearm muscles extend your wrist and fingers. Your forearm tendons, called extensors, attaches the muscles to bone. They attach on the lateral epicondyle. The tendon usually involved in tennis elbow is called the Extensor Carpi Radialis Brevis (ECRB).

How is tennis elbow diagnosed?

At the clinic, we will ask for a thorough history detailing the onset of pain, your usual physical activities, and actions that aggravates your pain. This is followed by a physical examination. Common tests done are as follow:

Treatment options for tennis elbow

Approximately 80% to 95% of patients have success with nonsurgical treatment.

  • Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medicines. If the elbow is acutely painful, medications like aspirin or ibuprofen reduce pain and swelling.
  • Rehabilitative exercises. Specific exercises are helpful for strengthening the muscles of the forearm.
  • Brace. Short term usage of a brace centered over the back of your forearm may also help relieve symptoms of tennis elbow. This can reduce symptoms by resting the muscles and tendons.

Tennis Elbow Rehabilitative Exercises

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